Scientific Method

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Definition

The scientific method is an empirical method used to explore observations and answer questions, it includes both inductive and deductive reasoning. The scientific method has one control group that leads the researcher compare the result of their experiment. At the same time this process includes independent variables which is what the researchers are testing; the dependent variable which is the response of the changing independent variable. The Scientific Method includes 6 steps; question, hypothesis, experiment, data, analysis, and report / conclusion.

Process of the Scientific Method

First Step; question / observation

During the first step of the scientific method a person usually starts thinking of a question but at the same time they will also be conduction research. The method usually starts when a person ask question about something that he / she observed; Why? How? Where? What? When? or Who? However, before the final question is develop a person should do some research, rather than starting from scratch they should start putting together information by going to the library, exploring the internet, looking for possible mistakes, and looking for possible “solutions”.
First Step

Hypothesis

Second Step
A hypothesis can be defined as an educated guess of the proposed question. It is an attempt to answer the question that was made at the begging when he / her were conduction observations. A hypothesis needs to be testable and have supportive evidence.

If___, then___ will happen.

Experiment

Third Step
The experiment phase allows a person to test whether the propose question / prediction was accurate and state if the hypothesis has enough supportive evidence. A experiment needs to be conducted with test that are fair and well develop, the person conduction the experiment must have a control factor to compare answer at the end. At the same time, the experiment should also include an independent variable (what is being tested) and a dependent variable (response to the change).

Data

Once the experiment is completed then the researchers must collect the data gather. The data gather can be both qualitative and quantitative. From previous lectures we learned that qualitative data most of the times takes the form of recorded descriptions which includes observing even the smallest detail; quantitative data generally comes in form of numbers and can be organized in graphs.
Fourth Step

Analysis

During this process the researchers may find that their prediction / hypothesis was not correct and did had enough supportive details / data. However, they will save this data then go back to the beginning to either change their hypothesis or make changes to experiment based on the information that was collected. This step is very crucial since this is were the scientist method repeats itself again.

Fifth Step

Report / Conclusion

The last of the scientific method is basically delivering your findings to others. The person would need to create a poster (depending on their grade level) or make a presentation. They should include a tittle, the question they were trying to prove, their research, their data, and their analysis.


Sixth Step